Garden Design

Garden

28 Nov Garden Design

Garden Design – The Spruce https://www.thespruce.com/garden-design-principles-1403012 – follow the link to the full article.

By Marie Iannotti

“Garden design is a very personal expression and even at it’s best, it is not an exact science. However, there are some guiding principles that will help you create a pulled together, cohesive look. As with playing an instrument, if you can learn these fundamentals, you can vamp whatever appeals to you.

The basic principles of garden design are simple enough, however, each is often referred to by more than one name. The 3 categories below contain the basic elements that, when combined together, constitute the generally accepted version of good garden design. Keep in mind that it is your garden and you are the one who should be pleased with the results. Rules are meant to be broken.

Order/Balance/Proportion
This refers to the basic structure of the garden. Order can be obtained through symmetry, as in a formal garden, through repetition of plants or colors, or through balancing bold or bright features with a complementary weight of fine texture or muted features (generally in a 1/3 bold to 2/3 fine ratio). What you don’t want is a garden that looks haphazard, as though plants were plopped in wherever there was an available spot of soil. You don’t have to put a plan down on paper, but you should consider where you want to place your plants before you start digging holes.

Harmony or Unity
As the terms imply, harmony or unity is when the parts of the garden work together as a whole. We’ve all seen gardens that feel like an assault on the eyes. That happens when there are too many disparate elements.

Harmony is achieved in editing. This can be accomplished by using a limited color palette, the repetition of key plants throughout the garden, The repetition of colors or structures, like round spheres scattered periodically through the borders, or by developing your flower bed around a clear focal point. If you’ve ever seen a themes garden, you’ve seen a garden with built-in unity, such as an all-white garden, a butterfly garden, or a Hosta collector’s garden.

Flow, Transition, or Rhythm
Great structure and unifying elements will create a pretty picture, but your garden can appear static. To keep things interesting you need to keep the eye moving. That doesn’t mean visitors viewing your garden should be darting their eyes about every which way. You want to slowly guide them through the discovery of your garden, by directing their gaze. You can accomplish this with gradual changes in height or color prevent, curves that can’t be seen around until you get there, or intriguing focal points or seating areas that beckon. The transition can also be used to create the illusion of a larger space by creating depth as smaller plants flow back into taller plants. What you are striving for is to prevent the eye from making a sudden stop.

These 3 elements work together and should be ideas you play with, to personalize your garden. Don’t let them paralyze you with the feat of getting it wrong. You can always move a plant somewhere else in the garden or even give it away and try something new. Once you get the garden design basics mastered, you can add even more elements like fragrance and sound. And all gardens are a work in progress, so don’t be afraid to play.”

Courtyard Front Garden

https://www.thespruce.com/landscape-design-for-beginners-2130815 – follow the link to the full article

Landscape Design for Beginners
Designing a Garden: Principles Do-It-Yourselfers Need to Know
By David Beaulieu

“”Landscape design” sounds rather imposing. To be sure, one could spend years studying all the ideas in this field. But what about the DIY’er who wants to give a front yard a makeover or wishes to tinker with designing a garden? Do you need to spruce up the yard of a house you’re selling? Do you simply want to enjoy an enhanced beauty in the privacy of your backyard?

Then you could profit from a straightforward look at the ideas behind designing a garden, supplemented with hands-on project guides. Let’s begin with the former:

Understanding the Language of Landscape Design
Whenever you put something together yourself, you are engaged in designing, however, humble the project. Sometimes we take our designing skills for granted, because what we’re putting together is so commonplace for us that we are no longer conscious of the designing process. For instance, you are employing designing techniques when you compose a letter to send to somebody. Your basic “elements” to accomplish such a task include vocabulary, spelling and grammar. Somewhat more complex elements, or “principles,” build directly on the basic elements. Letter-writing principles include conveying your ideas clearly and coming across as a courteous, intelligent individual. Your success with these principles will largely determine whether or not your letter achieves its ultimate objective.

And so it is with landscape design. Do-it-yourselfers must first learn the basic designing elements that underlie the discipline of landscape design. These fundamental elements will then serve as building blocks for learning and implementing the more advanced principles for designing a garden in the backyard. These tried and true principles are the cornerstones of the world’s picture-perfect gardens.

The basic elements of landscape design are:

Color, as defined by color theory.
Form.
Line.
Scale.
Texture.

These five elements must be considered in designing both the hardscape and softscape of your property, the latter consisting mainly of gardens, lawns, shrubs and trees. I discuss form, line and texture in this article. I explain the use of color in my article on color theory. As for scale, it is simply the size of one component relative to adjacent components.”

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